Tuesday, 5 January 2016

What Is Science

Science is the human effort to understand (or to better understand) the natural world using observable physical evidence. It is done through observation of natural phenomena or through experimentation that tries to simulate natural processes under controlled conditions.
Here’s an example of observational science - An ecologist observing the territorial behaviors of bluebirds and a geologist examining the distribution of fossils in an outcrop are both scientists making observations in order to find patterns in natural phenomena.  
         Other than observational science, there is also experimental science - A chemist observing the rates of one chemical reaction at a variety of temperatures and a nuclear physicist recording the results of bombardment of a particular kind of matter with neutrons are both scientists performing experiments to see what consistent patterns emerge.

         All these people are making and recording observations of nature, or of simulations of nature, in order to learn more about how nature, in the broadest sense, works.

Monday, 4 January 2016

The Scientific Method

THE SCIENTIFIC METHODScientific Method.png
The Scientific Method is a process for experimentation that is used to answer questions and explore observations. Scientists use the scientific method to search for cause and effect relationships in nature. In other words, they design an experiment so that changes to one item cause something else to vary in a predictable way.
Just as it does for a professional scientist, the scientific method will help you to focus your science fair project question, construct a hypothesis, design, execute, and evaluate your experiment.

The above links to an article by TheOnion. To summarise, they are adding a step before ‘Ask a Question’ - ‘Access Profitability of Research’.This is to ensure that the scientists are not going to make a loss when doing their research. The other added step is after ‘Do Background Research’ - ‘Seek Funding’. After making an observation and forming a hypothesis, the new third step of the scientific method will require researchers to embark on a search for corporate or government financing.